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Total Cost of Operation (TCO)

Cost-per-Print is a key element of the Total Cost of Operation of a printing device.

TCO may also include direct and indirect expenses associated with the print system. Unfortunately, TCO may be defined in various ways—any comparison must be self-consistent. For example, TCO may include the page-pro-rata cost of the electricity used to print, of the required physical space, of labor for operation and maintenance, of inventorying supplies, etc.—and, of course, all additional consumable/component costs and the cost of paper. The impact of features such as duplexing might be included.

SpencerLab staff has in-depth experience in estimating life-cycle costs and the Total Cost of Operation.

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